We are going to focus on the three aspects which, to our understanding, are most appealing. Please remember to read the clarifications made under the “Legal Warning” section at the end of the article.


Anaesthesiology is the field of Medicine which deals with pain treatment and integral care of the surgical patient before, during and after surgery.

Apart from the above-mentioned fields of action, our speciality currently includes others, namely pain treatment, critical medical profiles and extrahospital or intrahospital emergencies.

Our duties inside the operating theatre go beyond anaesthetizing patients, mainly consisting of protecting and regulating their vital signs, in order for the surgical intervention to cause them the least possible alterations.

In fact it is us, the surgeons, who are in charge of diagnosing and tackling any problem or medical incident which may occur while practising the operation or during the postoperative period immediately after.

The main types of anaesthetics are:

General anaesthetics: The patient remains unconscious.

Regional anaesthetics: The region of the body which is going to be operated on is anaesthetized, hence its name. To do so, the anaesthetic is injected into the region close to the nerves which capture the sensitivity of that region.

Local anaesthetics: Anaesthetics is directly administered into the area on which the surgeon is going to operate.

Anaesthetics always entails a risk for the patient, which will vary mainly according to the type of intervention which the patient is to undergo and their physical health prior to the operation.

Anyhow, serious accidents are exceptional. Complications related to anaesthetics have significantly decreased in the past 25 years. Likewise the number of deaths attributed to anaesthetics has fallen dramatically. Today it is estimated that the death risk due to anaesthetics is 1 out of 200,000 cases.


Epidural analgesics is administered into the spine or vertebral column between two vertebrae of the lower part of the back. A special needle is used which enables us to identify the epidural space, located just outside the meninges, which contain the cephalorachideal liquid and the spinal chord.

In most cases, its duration can be extended for the time required.

In general it is safe both for the mother and the newborn, but can occasionally cause complications and side effects which are rarely serious. Such complications may arise despite the patient being carefully observed and the anaesthesiologist having taken all the necessary precautions to prevent them.


Many of the techniques and medicines anaesthesiologists use to alleviate pain during surgery can also be used for other types of pain. We know this thanks to the inclusion of the study of different forms of acute and chronic pain as well as their treatment in our medical training.

Pain Treatment Units are normally made up of and managed by anaesthesiologists who have specialized in this practice.

However, a Pain Clinic normally consists of multidisciplinary units where other specialists, usually consultants specialized in Internal Medicine, Oncology, Rheumatology, Rehabilitation and Psychology, also carry out their healing tasks. They are all backed by the experience and the knowledge required to asses which treatment suits each patient.



The information included in this website may not be correct, in spite of the efforts carried out to watch over its truthfulness and to update it. Consequently, we do not take responsibility for the errors made nor for the prejudice or damages caused by using it. We do not take responsibility for the possible differences which may exist between the original documents included in official publications and their electronic versions which are uploaded in this website, for they are of an informative nature.

Exemption of liability clauses:

The AnestCadiz Web Site will not be held liable for any harm caused to third parties as a result of illegal or improper use of its web page or as a result of contents and information made accessible or provided through said web page or linked sites. We do not take responsibility for the information included in the websites linked to our website as anyhow we cannot prove whether they are true or updated. We do not take responsibility for the prejudice and damages caused in the system of users of our website, as we cannot guarantee the inexistence of a virus or other elements which content may be harming. We do not take any responsibility for posting these websites. We are not responsible for the opinions nor for the information published or provided by their partners or collaborators.

Recognition of third-party rights:

All potential references on the AnestCadiz Web site to any product, service, process, link, hypertext or any other information bearing the brand, trade name or name of manufacturer, supplier, etc., property of a third party, will be made in full respect of the legitimate property rights of the legal owners.

Final observations:

Use of this web site is governed by policies and the contents of this legal warning.

The AnestCadiz Web site reserves the right to undertake appropriate and relevant legal action in case of any violation of its rights.

Access to the AnestCadiz Web site portal implies agreement to act within conditions defined above in this Legal Warning and, in any point of information: Users’ Rights, Privacy Policy, Publishing Policy and Delivery of Services and Advertising.

Plant Sterols: A Brief Overview

You’ve probably heard people recommending you to use sterols for healthy circulatory system. But what are sterols? Does your body need them? Are they really safe to use as nutritional supplements? And perhaps you’d like to know more about it. If you do, then, you’ve come to the right place.

To start with, most people use sterols as steroid alcohols, which are a subgroup of the steroids. These are actually an important class of organic molecules, which naturally occurs in plants, animals and even fungi. The most familiar type of animal sterol is cholesterol, which is important to an animal’s cell membrane structure and function.

There are three types of sterols. First are the Phytosterols, which are sterols of plants. Among the good sources of this type of sterols include: grains, legumes, beans, milk, yogurt, sesame oil, vegetable oil, olive oil, corn oil, cashews, almonds, walnuts and pecans.

Second are the Zoosterols, which are sterols of animals. And finally, the third type of sterols is called Ergosterol which is a sterol that is present in the cell membrane of fungi.

Sterols as Nutritional Supplements

Now, among the three types of sterols, Phytosterols or plant sterols are the ones used as nutritional supplements or food additives. Recent studies show that this type of sterols is able to block cholesterol absorption, particularly in the human intestine.

With this ability, it is an effective means of reducing cholesterol levels in the human body. Therefore, using this as a food additive is currently approved by United States’ Food and Drug Administration.

However, recent concerns about the use Phytosterols as food additives have emerged. Some experts are worried that aside from blocking cholesterol absorption, sterols may also prevent the body to absorb important nutrients.

Because of this, the American Heart Association or AHA has recommended that only people with high levels of cholesterols should use these supplemental plant sterols. In addition, the AHA also advised pregnant women and nursing mothers not to take this type of food additive.

In addition to this, some experts also believe that once phytosterols undergo purification process, it becomes biologically in active, which means it may not be effective in lowering cholesterol levels.

Even so, Phytosterols look very promising and it looks like a good way to fight high cholesterol, heart disease and even atherosclerosis. It is imperative to study its long term effects to find out what may happen if higher amounts of purified phytosterols are consumed.

Medical Administration And Healthcare Jobs

With aging populations in many developing countries, health care is one of the fastest growing industries around the world. The new jobs being created in health care range from the highly specialized, such as surgery and dermatology, to general services such as nursing and emergency care. More and more, administrative jobs such as billing and information management are also opening up. As a result, institutions such as Anthem College are offering more targeted training in these fields and creating increasingly competent graduates.

Administrative work in the medical field requires several skills that a typical training program does not provide. Medical offices deal with a large number of clients, each of whom has a unique case, medical history and follow-up schedule. Medical administrators need a specialized skill set to deal with this volume of information while recognizing that each name is a patient with real concerns and needs. The same goes for other services such as insurance handling, billing, and records handling.

Needless to say, one needs more than basic secretarial skills to work effectively in the medical field. Medical administrators and staff need at least a working knowledge of medical terminology so they can be of valuable to doctors and nurses, as well as share vital information about patients. They also have to be familiar with medical procedures when scheduling exams, forwarding test results, and answering questions for patients.

This is why most medical administration positions now require specialized training or bachelor’s degrees. More competent staff allows for a better flow of information, quicker communication with patients and better service in general from the emergency room to the billing office. With the stress that comes with providing health care, doctors naturally want well-trained assistants to keep the office running smoothly so they can focus on doing their job and taking care of patients.

Many people opt to get their training on a part-time basis so they can work while getting their qualification. This allows them to support their studies as well as get valuable work experience. More and more institutions are also offering their courses online, allowing students even more freedom and flexibility. This is especially ideal for people who have families, who have full-time jobs, or who are always on the road.

No matter how you decide to get your training, medical administration is a promising field with lots of opportunities no matter where you are. As long as you take the time to choose a reputable school, put in the work and learn as much as you can, you’re sure to find a career that’s financially rewarding and fulfilling at the same time.

Preparing For Oral Surgery  

Oral surgery often requires as much preparation and recovery time as much larger procedures. After all, it involves a body part we use fairly regularly and for a rather important task. Your dentist or surgeon will usually give you pointers beforehand if you need surgery, but it’s always best to take a few extra precautions. Here are some that you may want to keep in mind.

Get your meds in advance:

Chances are you won’t be up for a trip to the drugstore right after your surgery. If possible, ask your dentist what medications you’ll need in advance, so you can pick them up earlier and have them with you right after the procedure. This will also allow you to take some of the standard medications earlier, such as the antibiotics and painkillers, rather than wait and endure the pain until you’ve bought the meds.

Make transport arrangements:

Depending on the type of anesthesia or sedation you’re on—something you’ll also have to discuss with your dentist—you may not be in the best shape to drive yourself home or commute. It’s usually best to have someone pick you up and take you home afterwards.

Follow pre-op instructions:

If you need IV sedation or a general anesthetic, your surgeon will usually tell you to avoid any food or water eight hours before your surgery. If it’s just a local anesthesia, you can usually have a light meal a couple of hours before the procedure, although this will be your dentist’s call. In any case, brush your teeth and floss right before the appointment. Don’t smoke for at least 12 hours before the surgery, and for at least 24 hours afterwards.

Plan your recovery diet:

After your surgery, you’ll likely be limited to soft foods that don’t make much use of your teeth. Spicy and acidic food, including soda, may also be prohibited. Water is usually best, but if you want something different, stick to healthy drinks like milk, tea, and protein shakes. Don’t drink with straws, as it can cause a painful reaction called dry socket, which will require additional treatment.

Sleep comfortably:

You may be instructed to sleep in a certain position to avoid pressure on the area of surgery, even if you’ve stayed in the hospital for a while. The best position is usually on your back with the back slightly elevated. To do this, cushion your back with a few pillows, adding one at a time until you reach a comfortable angle.